On August 6th 1991, the very first website went live on the internet, It was a website dedicated to information on the World Wide Web project which was developed by Tim Berners-Lee. In 1991, it was not possible to view websites on anything but a computer. In 2019, websites are accessible through an array of different device types and sizes from televisions, phones, tablets, and even refrigerators.
Making websites appear correctly on each device is where responsive web design kicks in. The ultimate goal of a responsive website is to avoid unnecessary scrolling, resizing and zooming. It it often difficult to navigate and use these websites, which could mean losing your potential customers.
Responsive website design replaces the need to design a dedicated mobile friendly website for phone users. Instead of designing multiple websites for different screen sizes and resolutions, you now just design one website which will automatically scale up or down according to the device its being viewed on.
In early 2015, Google announced that website mobile-friendliness will become a ranking factor in its search algorithm. This meant that having a website which wasn’t mobile friendly would potentially lose some rankings on the search engine results page due to it not being a good experience.